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Edition 14.27 J&L Garden Center's News July, 2014
featured quote

Featured Quote:

"In my garden there is a large place for sentiment. My garden of flowers is also my garden of thoughts and dreams. The thoughts grow as freely as the flowers, and the dreams are as beautiful."
~Abram L. Urban

4th of July
The Entire Staff of J&L Wish Everyone a Safe and
Happy 4th of July Weekend!
4th of July
  1. Transplant flowers into larger containers.
  2. Continue planting summer vegetables and annual flowers.
  3. Choose and plant a hibiscus.
  4. Choose and plant succulents.
  5. Pinch back chrysanthemums.
  6. Pick and deadhead roses.
  7. Remove seed pods and flowers.
  8. Prune impatiens and petunias.
  9. Cut back hydrangeas.
  10. Mow lawns longer. Water about 2" per week.
  11. Stop removing runners from strawberries. Let them grow and root in the ground.
  12. Continue to prune and train espaliers.
  13. Continue to propagate and clean up daylilies.
  14. Once Martha Washington geraniums stop blooming, clip off their faded flowers and cut back.
  15. Feed flowers with Blooming and Rooting Fertilizer to promote more blossoms.
  16. Feed water lilies.
  17. Fertilize roses.
  18. Feed ferns.
  19. Fertilize tuberous begonias and impatiens.
  20. Feed coleus lightly.
  21. Do not fertilize lawns until fall. If lawns are sick, apply iron or humate.
  22. Water vegetables regularly; do not let tomatoes, peppers or cucumbers dry out - to help prevent blossom end rot.
Planting Fall Veggies

Midsummer is the season of abundance, when gardens overflow with tomatoes, pepper, squash, beans, cucumbers and other warm-season rewards. With all this bounty, it's hard to think of planting still more crops. But June through August is the time to get started if you want to enjoy a long second harvest that will bring fresh food to your table through late-autumn and even into early-winter.

A fall planting offers several advantages, not the least of which is the fact that the crisp weather of fall actually improces the taste and quality of many vegetables. Green beans become more tender. Cauliflower more creamy, and greens such as Kale and Spinach sweeter still. Brussel Sprouts, Broccoli and Peas are barely worth bothering with until a good frost or two have sweetened them up.

4th of July

Preventing lawn diseases is much easier than curing and controlling lawn diseases.

Lawn diseases are much harder to cure than killing lawn insects. Some lawn diseases may persist for several years before you can get them completely under control. Timing is one of the most critical factors. You have to apply the fungicide at the correct stage of the disease development for it to have any impact on the disease. You must also re-apply fungicides, sometimes several times a year and for several years in a row.

4th of July

Necrotic ringspot is the most destructive disease of Kentucky bluegrass. Necrotic ringspot is particularly damaging to lawns because it is a problem that lasts many years. It spreads easily from one yard to another on lawnmower wheels, on shoes, by dogs, and even with deer walking from one neighborhood to another. Once your lawn has this disease, you will be struggling to control it for several years.

The fungus attacks and kills both the roots and the crowns. Recovery from this disease is often very slow. Once your lawn is infected it is sometimes best to 'just start over' by thoroughly raking the dead and infected areas, and planting new varieties of grass seed that are resistant to the disease.

Preventing this disease can be as easy, or as difficult, as watering properly, fertilizing with slow release, or organic forms of nitrogen, and applying Humic Acid to stimulate beneficial soil micro organisms. The most effective prevention, and the only 100% cure, is to over-seed your lawn with disease resistant varieties of grass. Please read our 'Preventing Lawn Diseases' handout for more information.

4th of July

Is your lawn turning yellow lately? You might check your lawn for chinch bugs. Chinch Bugs (pronounced either 'sinch' or 'chinch') are small insects, which live in and feed on lawn grasses. Expanding, irregular patches of dead or stunted grass surrounded by a halo of yellowing, dying grass often provides the first clue of the presence of chinch bugs.

Chinch bug damage is often mistaken for drought stress. Irregular patches of turf begin to turn yellow, then straw colored. The straw colored areas continue to become larger in spite of watering. Don't assume the brown patches of grass in the summer are just from heat, dryness, or lawn disease: you may actually be seeing the results of chinch bug damage.

Did Your Impatiens Look Awful Last Year? Even Died Early? Should you plant impatiens in 2014?
The problem may be Impatiens' Downy Mildew (Plasmopara Obduscens). This disease was first identified in 2004 and has rapidly spread across the country in the years since. It started on the east coast and even made it into Utah last year (2013). It has the ability to rapidly reduce a thick, lush bed of impatiens, to a barren stand of defoliated stems. Impatiens downy mildew is growing more widespread, and can quickly devastate these popular shade-loving annual flowers for years to come.

There is no treatment or cure. On a happy note, many other garden flowers are safe from this disease.

Most plants that die in the summer actually die from dehydration - not from hot temperatures. Plants in containers, plants with small root balls, and plants next to south or west facing walls or buildings, are the most prone to dehydration. Don't be afraid to 'DROWN' your plants for the first week after planting. It does not hurt to 'over-water' your plants for the first week, just don't 'over-water' them all summer long.

Hot, dry winds are very damaging to plants during the first summer. Water your plants before and after hot, summer winds. South winds are the most dehydrating winds during the summer, especially during July and August.

Water Requirements - Please Read J&L's Complete Planting Guide.

  1. It is important to remove all the trapped air in the soil around the roots. Fill the hole 1/2 full of soil and then add water. Continue filling in the rest of hole with soil to the proper level. Stir the soil to help the water soak in. Do not bury your plant too deep.
  2. Make a basin around each plant that will hold at least 1 gallon of water for small plants, and at least 5 gallons of water for large plants. Fill the basin 2 or 3 times when you first plant your plants.
  3. Water Plants every day - with a Hose - for the first week. Make sure to fill the entire basin each time you water.
  4. Water Plants at least once a week - with a Hose- for the first Month. Do Not Rely on Sprinklers (or Drip Irrigation Systems) to water your plants during the first summer, especially the first week!
  5. Check plants regularly. Hand water plants as often as needed. Keep your plants consistently moist - but not constantly wet - There is a big difference.
  6. Cover the ground around new plants with mulch to help maintain soil moisture and to cool the soil.

Watering Tip: Plants with small root balls (purchased in small containers) need to be watered more frequently than plants with large root balls (purchased in large containers).

Fertilizer Requirements

  1. Mix Dr. Earth Starter Fertilizer in the soil before planting.
  2. Fertilize your plants with Dr. Earth All Purpose Fertilizer early next spring. The best time to fertilize shrubs and trees is in March or April.

Remember that some plants need to be watered more frequently than others, so check your plants regularly, and apply water as often as needed.

Water - the million dollar question..

"My Lawn and Some of My Flowers Are Dying!" exclaims a frustrated gardener.
"How Often Are You Watering?" asks an experienced horticulurist.
"Oh, I Water Every Day," comes the diligent gardener's reply.
"That is the most likely problem: You are killing your plants with Kindness; You are watering them too much" explains the horticulturist.
The Silence is deafening, as the confused gardener ponders this new information.

Most gardening problems can be attributed to one single factor; WATER. - Too Much or Too Little or Too Late? How much water is enough and when is it too much? That is the million dollar question.

Fourth of July Recipes

1. Barbeque Sauce
What you need:

• 2 (18 ounce) bottles of honey barbeque sauce
• 1/4 cup lemon juice
• 1 cup brown sugar
• 1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce
• 6 oz. of A1 Steak Sauce
• 2 tablespoons dried onion flakes
• 1 can (12 ounce) of Coke or Pepsi

Step by step:

In a medium bowl, mix together barbeque sauce, lemon juice, brown sugar, Worcestershire sauce, A1 and onion flakes. Pour in cola and stir until blended.

2. Guacamole
What you need:

• 1 ripe avocado
• 3 tablespoons peeled tomatoes
• 1 1/4 teaspoon salt
• 1 tablespoon steak sauce
• 1 teaspoon chili powder

• 2 teaspoons lemon juice

Step by step:

Scoop out the Avacado and put the contents in a medium bowl. Mix the remaining ingredients and blend together until you have reached the desired consistency.

3. Fresh Fruit Kabobs
What you'll Need:

• 1/2 cup honey
• 1/4 cup water
• 1/4 cup lime juice
• 1/4 cup orange juice
• 1 cup honeydew melon balls or cubes
• 1 cup watermelon balls or cubes
• 1 cup cantaloupe melon balls or cubes
• 2 large nectarines or peaches, cut into cubes
• 1 to 2 cups small strawberries
• 8 to 12 (8"- 12") bamboo skewers

Step by Step:

In a small saucepan, combine the honey and water; bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer for 5 minutes. Stir in lime juice and orange juice. Cool completely. Combine fruit in medium bowl. Pour marinade over fruit; toss gently. Cover; refrigerate 1 to 2 hours to blend flavors. When ready to serve, place about 12 pieces of fruit on each bamboo skewer.

Yield: 8 to 12 Kabobs
4. Pork and Onion Kabobs
What You Need:

• 1/2 cup soy sauce
• 1/4 cup chili sauce
• 1/4 cup honey
• 2 tablespoons olive or vegetable oil
• 2 teaspoons curry powder
• 2 tablespoons finely chopped onion
• 2 pounds boneless pork, cut into 1-inch cubes
• 3 medium onions, cut into 1-inch wedges

Step by Step:

In a bowl, combine the first 6 ingredients,
Remove half for basting; cover and refrigerate. Add pork to the remaining marinade; toss to coat. Cover and refrigerate for 3 hours or overnight. Drain and discard the marinade. Alternately thread pork cubes and onion wedges on metal or soaked bamboo skewers. Grill uncovered over medium heat for 5 minutes; turn. Baste with reserved marinade. Contine turning and basting for 15 minutes or until meat juices run clear. Yield: 6 servings

5. Picnic Fruit Punch
What you need:

• 2 quarts cranberry juice
• 3 cups pineapple juice
• 3 cups orange juice
• 1/4 cup lemon juice
• 1 liter ginger ale, chilled
• 1 medium navel orange, sliced

Step by step:

Combine the juices in a large container.
Refrigerate. Just before serving, stir
in the ginger ale and orange slices.
Yield: 5 quarts

6. Fresh Strawberry Pie

What you need:

• 5 pints fresh strawberries
• 1 cup sugar
• 1/4 cup cornstarch
• 3/4 cup water
• 1 tablespoon lemon juice
• 1 tablespoon strawberry gelatin
• 1  9-inch pie crust, baked

Step by step:

Wash and hull strawberries. Set aside 1 rounded cup of the less-than-perfect berries. Let berries dry on paper towels.

To prepare glaze, mix the sugar and cornstarch in a small bowl. In a blender, puree the cup of set-aside berries. Add the cornstarch mixture and the water to the berry puree and blend. Pour into a microwave safe bowl and cook on high setting for 4-5 minutes until clear, stirring once. Add lemon juice and gelatin. Cool to lukewarm.

Brush the baked pie crust with some of the glaze. Toss the berries gently in the remaining glaze and pour into crust. Chill. Serve pie with whipped cream. Serves 6-8

7. Summer Watermelon Salsa     " Great over grilled chicken or fish"
What You Need:

• 4 cups chopped & seeded watermelon
• 2 tablespoons lime juice
• 1 tablespoon finely chopped red onion
• 1 tablespoon minced fresh cilantro
• 1/8 teaspoon salt
• 2 teaspoons finely chopped & seeded jalapeño chili pepper*

Step by Step:

In a large bowl, combine all ingredients.
Cover and refrigerate for at least 1 hour
before serving.
Yield: 4 cups

*When cutting or seeding jalapeño chili peppers,
use rubber or plastic gloves to protect your
hands. Avoid touching your face.

8. Lemon Fruit Dip

What You Need:

• 1/2-cup powdered sugar
• 1 teaspoon minced lemon peel
• 1 teaspoon fresh lemon juice
• ¼ teaspoon vanilla extract
• 1 cup sour cream

Step by Step:

Mix all ingredients together.
Refrigerate overnight.

Serves 4 - 6

Bon appetite!


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More Gardening Advice

Garden Tips

2014 Gardening Calendar

Vegetable Fall Planting

Lawn Disease Prevention

Lawn Disease Necrotic Ringspot


Impatiens Disease

Planting Tips Summer

Water Too Much Too Little. Too Late?

Snail Controls

Tomato Care

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